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WD-40 Company (NASDAQ:WDFC) Q2 2024 Earnings Call Transcript

WD-40 Company (NASDAQ:WDFC) Q2 2024 Earnings Call Transcript April 9, 2024

WD-40 Company beats earnings expectations. Reported EPS is $1.14, expectations were $1.11. WDFC isn't one of the 30 most popular stocks among hedge funds at the end of the third quarter (see the details here).

Operator: Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by. Good day, and welcome to the WD-40 Company Second Quarter Fiscal Year 2024 Earnings Conference Call. Today's call is being recorded. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. At the end of the prepared remarks, we will conduct a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] I would now like to turn the presentation over to the host for today's call, Ross Cooling, Communications Manager, Investor Relations and Stakeholder Engagement. Please proceed.

Ross Cooling: Thank you. Good afternoon and thanks to everyone for joining us today. On our call today are WD-40 Company's President and Chief Executive Officer, Steve Brass; and Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer, Sara Hyzer. In addition to the financial information presented on today's call, we encourage investors to review our earnings presentation, earnings press release and Form 10-K for the period ending February 29, 2024. These documents are available on our Investor Relations website at A replay and transcript of today's call will also be made available shortly after this call. On today's call, we will discuss certain non-GAAP measures. The descriptions and reconciliations of these non-GAAP measures are available in our SEC filings as well as the earnings documents posted on our Investor Relations website.


As a reminder, today's call includes forward-looking statements about our expectations for the company's future performance. Actual results could differ materially. The company's expectations, beliefs, and projections are expressed in good faith, but there can be no assurance they will be achieved or accomplished. Please refer to the risk factors detailed in our SEC filings for further discussion. Finally, for anyone listening to a webcast replay or reviewing a written transcript of this call, please note that all information presented is current only as of today's date, April 9, 2024. The company disclaims any duty or obligation to update any forward-looking information as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. With that, I'd now like to turn the call over to Steve.

Steve Brass : Thank you, Ross, and thanks to all of you for joining us this afternoon. Today, I'll begin by discussing several strategic actions we've taken to support our 4x4 strategic framework, followed by an overview of our sales results for the second fiscal quarter of 2024. I'll also provide you with an update on our must-win battles and some of our strategic enablers. Sara will provide further details on our second quarter results and update on our business model and our outlook for the remainder of fiscal year '24, and then we will take your questions. Over the last few months, I'm proud of the significant progress we've made on our 4x4 strategic framework. In March, we acquired our Brazilian marketing distributor and longtime business partner, Theron Marketing for approximately $7 million in an all cash transaction.

This transaction directly supports our first must-win battle to lead geographic expansion of WD-40 multiuse product. Strategically, this allows us to have a direct market presence in Brazil to drive faster growth versus building up a direct market from the ground up. As you may recall, we successfully shifted from a distributor model to a direct market in Mexico in May 2020, and our revenues in Mexico have virtually tripled since making that shift. Taking Brazil direct through an acquisition presents a similar growth opportunity and we are well positioned to capture that growth. Our prior agreement with Theron Marketing was based on a royalty model and moving to a direct market provides us with an immediate benefit to our top line. We expect the Brazil market to drive revenue growth in excess of $10 million over the next year as a result of transitioning to this new business model.

This is a substantial increase over the growth expected under the old royalty based business model, which generated approximately $2 million of annual revenue. We've also made the strategic decision to actively pursue the sale of our U.S. and UK home care and cleaning product portfolios. For the time being, we intend to strategically maintain the home care and cleaning product portfolio in Australia as it is a substantial portion of that market's business. Net proceeds from the sale of our U.S. and UK home care and cleaning product portfolios will provide us with an opportunity to reinvest in our core business for long-term growth. While this will have an unfavorable impact on our sales in the short-term, once we divest the portfolio, it allows us to place even more focus on creating revenue growth through our must-win battles and focus on our higher margin business centered on our maintenance products over the long-term.

The immediate accretion from Brazilian marketing distributor acquisition and the additional investments we will make to accelerate growth in our high potential markets will offset lost revenue from this sale over time. And finally, during the second quarter, we went live with the first and most significant phase of our enterprise resource planning or ERP system. This is no small task and we did anticipate there being some level of disruption as can be expected for a project of this nature. These disruptions resulted in a minor unfavorable impact on the quarter's performance, particularly in the U.S. I'm proud to report that due to the ingenuity and resilience of our team members and the long standing partnerships with our customers, we have worked through most of these challenges and are confident going forward as we continue to improve our processes and leverage the value this system brings across the organization.

I want to acknowledge and thank our employees for their ongoing diligence in managing through this implementation. We know projects like these allow us to live at one of our core values of making it better than it is today, which will only strengthen us over time. Sara will provide more details on the ERP implementation. Now, turning to our sales results. I'm happy to share with you that for the second consecutive quarter, we saw sales growth across all our trade blocks. For the second quarter, we reported net sales of $139 million, an increase of 7% over the prior year. Excluding the favorable impact of currency, revenue grew 5%. On a year-to-date basis, net sales grew 10% on a reported basis and 7% excluding the favorable impact of currency, which is in-line with both our FY '24 guidance and our long-term growth targets.

We remain encouraged that the improvement in trends we experienced in the second half of fiscal year '23 have carried into the first half of fiscal year '24. We're also pleased to report continued expansion of our gross margin versus prior year, which allows us to invest across other areas of our business such as advertising and promotion activities in order to continue to drive top line growth. Now, let me discuss second quarter sales results by segment. Unless otherwise noted, I will discuss sales and comparisons to prior year on a reported basis. Sales in the Americas, which includes the United States, Latin America and Canada, of approximately $63.5 million grew 1% over the prior year fiscal quarter. We're pleased to report that strong demand and sales growth throughout the U.S. more than offset the short term impact the ERP implementation had on our net sales.

WD-40 Specialist and other maintenance product sales increased across most regions in the Americas and we continue to see encouraging signs across the region. The growth in maintenance products was partly offset by a decline in home care and cleaning product sales, primarily due to lower volume in the U.S. as a result of reduced demand. In total, our Americas segment made up 46% of our global business in the second quarter. Turning to our sales results in EIMEA, which includes Europe, India, the Middle East and Africa. The recovery we experienced in the second half of last year in EIMEA has continued throughout the first half of this year. EIMEA sales of $54.3 million increased 16% over the prior year. Currency fluctuations positively impacted our sales in EIMEA and on a constant currency basis, sales would have increased 11%, marking the 4th consecutive quarter of double-digit sales growth in constant currency.

The growth was driven in large part by higher sales of WD-40 Multi Use Product, which increased 17% and WD-40 Specialist, which increased 23%. As a reminder, volumes last year were unfavorably impacted by price increases we had implemented, resulting in temporarily reduced demand as customers adjusted to these prices. The combination of recovering volumes and increased selling prices resulted in higher sales across most regions in EIMEA this quarter. In the second quarter, sales of WD-40 Multi-Use Product increased most significantly in France, India, and Iberia, which increased $1 million, $0.9 million, and $0.6 million, respectively. The growth in maintenance products was partly offset by a decline of 10% in home care and cleaning product sales, which is a much smaller part of the business for EIMEA.

In total, our EIMEA segment made up 39% of our global business in the second quarter. Turning to Asia Pacific, which includes Australia, China and other countries in the Asia region. Sales of $21.3 million were up 4% over the prior year. The growth was driven by higher sales of WD-40 Multi-Use Product, which were up 3%, and Home Care and Cleaning Products, which were up 23% over the prior year. This was partly offset by a 3% decline in WD-40 Specialist product sales. In China, sales of maintenance products were up 3%, primarily due to successful promotional programs and marketing activities that led to increased sales volume. On a constant currency basis, sales for China would have increased by 5%. In our Asia Pacific distributor market, sales of maintenance products were up 3%, primarily due to price increases in these markets and successful promotional programs in certain regions.

In Australia, sales were up 6% over the prior year, primarily due to higher sales of home care and cleaning products. In total, our Asia Pacific segment made up 15% of our global business in the second quarter. Now let me discuss the progress we've made against our must-win battles and provide you with an update on some of our strategic enablers that support our 4x4 strategic framework. We look at these must-win battles as growth drivers over the long-term, and therefore, we will focus our discussion on the year-to-date results of these battles. Starting with must-win battle number 1, lead geographic expansion. As mentioned earlier, the acquisition of our Brazilian market distributor is just to take a decision airlines within support must-win battle.

To the first half of the year, global sales of WD-40 Multi-Use Product of $215 million grew 10% over the prior year, led by strong growth of 19% in EIMEA, followed by growth in the Americas and Asia Pacific of 6.5% and 3%, respectively. We continue to make investments in our flagship brand to build awareness and increase market penetration in identified key markets. As a result, we made excellent progress and seen volume recovery in many key markets. Next is must-win battle number 2, accelerating premiumization, which is a major contributor to our revenue growth and gross margin expansion. Year-to-date, sales of WD-40 Smart Straw and EZ Reach when combined were up 13% over the prior year. Our implementation of WD-40 Smart Straw next generation in the Americas and of multiple packages in EIMEA is contributing to the sales growth of premiumized products.

This growth aligns with our long-term net sales compound annual growth rate target of greater than 10% in reported currency for premiumized products. Our third must-win battle is to drive WD-40 Specialist growth. Through the first half of the year, sales of WD-40 Specialist products were $34 million up 10% over the prior year, led by strong growth in EIMEA of 17%. In the Americas, sales of WD-40 Specialist grew 4%, while Asia Pacific, which is a much smaller portfolio, grew 9% compared to the prior year. We continue to target a net sales comp annual growth rate of greater than 15% in reported currency for WD-40 Specialist. Our fourth and final must-win battle is to accelerate digital commerce. We see this as an accelerator for all our other must-win battles as it improves brand awareness and online engagement, leading to an improved customer experience and sales across our channels.

Year-to-date, e-commerce sales were up 24% with strong growth in both EIMEA and the Americas trade blocks. Turning to the second element of our strategic framework, our strategic enablers, which collectively under the enormous swim battles. I want to take a moment to discuss strategic enable number 1 of ensuring a people first mindset. At WD-40 Company, we pride ourselves in our culture and continuously focus on how to improve it. Our greatest asset cannot be found on the balance sheet, but rather it resides within our talented team. I'm extremely proud that we have been able to maintain an employee engagement score of around 93%, particularly given some of the significant changes we've experienced over the past 18 months. This includes changes within our leadership team as Sara and I have gotten up to speed in our roles and changes across the global organization as we've implemented an updated pricing structure, completed the first and most significant phase of our ERP implementation system and have continued to face uncertain macroeconomic conditions.

Once again, I want to thank our strong and resilient team as we continue to evolve our internal processes, a major area of focus will be on implementing cultural pulse checks for real time feedback for us to be more proactive versus being reactive in this area. And as previously discussed, we are making great progress on our strategic enabler number 4, which is to drive productivity via enhanced systems with our new ERP system. As a lean company with just over 600 employees, we recognize the importance of providing the best systems and have increased our investments in new systems and system enhancements. And we are not done as we will continue to invest to support this important enabler to drive our strategy and support sustainable profitable growth for our organization.

A colour palette showcasing the range of aerosol and trigger sprays in an organised display.
A colour palette showcasing the range of aerosol and trigger sprays in an organised display.

With that, I'll now turn the call over to Sara.

Sara Hyzer: Thanks, Steve, and good afternoon. As Steve mentioned, we have had a productive few months and continue to make notable progress against our 4x4 strategic framework. I am proud that our team continues to turn in solid results that continue to align with our long-term 55/30/25 business model. As Steve discussed, we went live with the first phase of our ERP system during the second quarter. To add some additional color, the new system is now in place over a substantial portion of our business including the U.S. business, our Latin America distributor business and our sales in our Asia regional office, which combined make up just under 50% of our revenues. This was a significant first step for the company as we move towards a more streamlined system footprint globally.

Given the scale and scope of this implementation, even with those disruptions that Steve mentioned, we ultimately view the implementation as a success with lessons learned. I look forward to taking the learnings from this first implementation and applying those into the next phase of the project. I'll begin today with the discussion about our second quarter results, followed by an update on our full year 2024 guidance before turning it back over to Steve for his final thoughts. Turning to our second quarter gross margin performance. I am particularly proud that we continue to expand margins from prior year and perform within our target range of 50% to 55%. For the second quarter, gross margin improved 160 basis points over prior year to 52.4%.

Gross margin benefited 130 basis points from favorable sales mix and other miscellaneous mix. This quarter, we saw a benefit from sales mix in EIMEA, which had a strong top line growth. Lower costs associated with Specialty Chemicals also positively impacted gross margin by 100 basis points. To a lesser degree, gross margin was positively impacted by 70 basis points from tactical price increases as we cycle through the anniversary of most of those changes. While we are not planning any significant additional tactical price increases in the near-term, we continue to monitor the inflationary environment in various markets. These favorable impacts to gross margin were partially offset by higher costs associated with other input costs, which had an adverse impact of 100 basis points in the quarter.

Gross margin improved over prior year across all trade blocs. Within the Americas, gross margin improved 130 basis points over prior year to 49.4%. The EIMEA continues to expand gross margin improving 140 basis points over prior year to 53.7%. And Asia Pacific again turned into strong gross margin performance improving 320 basis points over the prior year to 58.5%. This progress through the first half of the year has positioned us to raise the bottom end of our full year 2024 gross margin guidance, which I will discuss shortly. Based on the current trajectory, cost environment and macro environment, we are targeting to achieve gross margin of 55% by the end of fiscal year 2026. Now turning to our cost of doing business, which we define as total operating expenses less adjustments for certain noncash expenses and is primarily comprised of investments in our employees, investments in our brand and freight expense.

As we continue to grow our top line, we also remain focused on operating efficiently and reducing our costs effectively. As we get more operational leverage, we expect the cost of doing business to perform within our targeted range of 30% to 35% over time. For the second quarter, our cost of doing business was 36% as compared to 33% in the prior year. The increase was primarily driven by increases in our employee related costs due to higher accrued incentive compensation, annual compensation increases and higher headcount, partially offset by lower stock-based compensation. We also experienced an increase in professional services, including costs associated with our ERP implementation and the acquisition of our Brazilian distributor. Additionally, travel expense and unfavorable changes in foreign currency exchange rates contributed to higher SG&A expense.

Investments in advertising and promotional activities or A&P increased over prior year as we continue to build our brand and make investments to support long-term profitable growth. As a percentage of sales, A&P investment was 4.8% compared to 4.6% prior year. Our A&P investments are always impacted by phasing between quarters and we still expect the full year to be within our guidance of 5% to 6%. Turning now to adjusted EBITDA. While adjusted EBITDA margin has been under pressure due to the inflationary environment and the strategic investments we are making, we continue to target performing in a range of 20% to 25% longer term. Getting adjusted EBITDA above 20% remains a priority. The sale of our Home Care and Cleaning Products portfolio will likely impact the timing of achieving this as we anticipate a potential step back in the short-term as we divest this portfolio, but expect a longer term benefit as we focus our investments on our higher growth and higher margin maintenance products.

For the second quarter, adjusted EBITDA margin was 17% as compared to 19% in the prior year. The step back this quarter reflects the higher cost of business items that I previously discussed. Now, let me discuss some items that fall below the adjusted EBITDA line. Net income of $15.5 million declined approximately $1 million or 6% from prior year. On a constant currency basis, net income would have decreased 9% compared to the prior year. Our net income reflects the provision for income tax rate of 21.6%. Diluted earnings per common share for the quarter were $1.14 compared to $1.21 in the prior year. Diluted EPS reflects 13.6 million weighted average shares outstanding this quarter, which was essentially flat compared to the prior year. Turning to the balance sheet and capital allocation.

Our resilient and asset light business model coupled with actions we have taken to grow our top line while improving gross margin continue to contribute to our strong balance sheet and liquidity position. Maintaining a disciplined and balanced capital allocation approach remains a priority for us. For the foreseeable future, we expect maintenance CapEx of between 1% and 2% of sales per fiscal year, which is in line with our asset light strategy. One of our more significant investments has been around our new ERP system. Through our go live date in January, we had capitalized approximately $10 million in investments and this quarter we began to amortize those costs upon implementing the first phase of the new system. As part of this project, we have incurred and will continue to incur costs that do not qualify for capitalization.

We will continue to incur costs that will either be capitalized or expensed depending on their nature through the next phases of implementation in the near-term. We continue to assess what those phases will be as we consider the needs of the business, supporting any business model changes like Brazil and the risk profile of our existing systems. We also continue to make progress in lowering our inventory levels, which we had invested in to stabilize our U.S. supply chain in prior years. Our inventory levels peaked in the first quarter of fiscal 2023 and since then we have reduced inventory by $41 million or 34%. In addition, we continue to return capital to our shareholders through regular dividends and buybacks. Annual dividends will continue to be targeted at greater than 50% of earnings.

On March 19, our Board of Directors approved a quarterly cash dividend of $0.88 per share. During the second quarter, we repurchased approximately 11,500 shares of our stock under our current share repurchase plan at a total cost of approximately $2.9 million. We will continue to be active in the market and expect to repurchase at least enough shares to offset shares issued for equity compensation. Going forward, our objective is to return cash to investors in the most accretive manner. Our cash flow from operations for the first half of fiscal year 2024 was $44.9 million and we have elected to use $21.6 million of that cash to pay down a portion of our short-term higher interest rate borrowings. Our intent is to continue to pay down higher interest borrowings under the current interest rate environment.

That concludes my discussion on our reported results. Let me now provide an update on our guidance. For the first half of fiscal year 2024, we are pleased with our solid performance and progress against our 4x4 strategic framework. It is important to note that results may vary from quarter-to-quarter and comparisons to the prior year will vary particularly by trade bloc due to the timing of those prior year price changes and the temporary resulting impact on volumes. We continue to monitor the market and our guidance assumes no major changes to the current macroeconomic environment in the second half of fiscal year 2024. It is also important to note that our full year guidance as previously communicated anticipated the acquisition of our Brazilian marketing distributor.

Based on these factors and assumptions, we are therefore reiterating annual net sales growth between 6% and 12% with net sales between $570 million and $600 million in constant currency. We are increasing the bottom end of our gross margin range to 51.5%, resulting in a new annual guidance of 51.5% to 53%, an increase from our prior guidance of 51% to 53%. This is based on our current performance, mix trend and current cost environment. Advertising and promotion investment remains unchanged and we expect this to be between 5% and 6% of net sales. We are reducing our provision for income tax to be between 23% and 24%, a decrease from our prior guidance of 24% and 25%. Given the updated gross margin guidance and the slightly lower tax rate, we are increasing our net income guidance and now expect it to be between $67.7 million and $71.8 million up from our prior guidance of $65 million and $70 million.

And we are increasing our diluted EPS to be between $5 and $5.30 from our prior guidance of $4.78 and $5.15. Our diluted EPS guidance is based on an estimated 13.6 million weighted average shares outstanding as we had previously communicated. That completes the financial overview. Now, I would like to turn the call back to Steve.

Steve Brass: Thank you, Sara. In closing, we are proud of the progress we've made this quarter, particularly as it relates to our strategic framework and our longer term goals. In summary, what did you hear today from us on this call? You heard that we saw top line growth in all 3 trade blocks for the second consecutive quarter. You heard that we continue to execute non must-win battles, sales of WD-40 Multi-Use Product and WD-40 Specialist were both up 10% year-to-date. Sales of premiumized products were up 13% and digital commerce sales were up 24% year-to-date. You heard that we're incredibly pleased with how gross margin is holding up and our first half performance has positioned us to increase the bottom end of our full year guidance range.

You heard that we're also increasing our annual net income and adjusted EPS guidance for the full fiscal year 2024. You heard that we've made notable progress against our 4x4 strategic framework with the announced acquisition of our Brazilian marketing distributor, our decision to pursue a sale of our U.S. and UK home care and cleaning products portfolio and the successful go live with the first phase of our new ERP system. You heard the loss of revenue from the prospective sale of our home care and cleaning products portfolio will be partially offset from the Brazil marketing distributor acquisition in the short-term. Over the longer term, we will fully offset this revenue loss by increasing investments to accelerate growth in our identified high potential markets.

And you heard that we've been able to maintain our employee engagement score of around 93%, reflecting our passionate and resilient team, which is a strong competitive advantage for us. Thank you for joining our call today. We'd now be pleased to answer your questions.

Operator: [Operator Instructions] We'll take our first question from Daniel Rizzo with Jefferies.

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