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Singapore regulator, banks in talks to extend debt relief

·4-min read
Singapore - November 15, 2018: Monetary Authority of Singapore MAS. Monetary Authority of Singapore MAS is Singapores central bank and financial regulatory authority established in 1971.
Monetary Authority of Singapore. (PHOTO: Getty Commercial)

By Joyce Koh and Chanyaporn Chanjaroen

(Bloomberg) -- Singapore’s central bank is in talks with lenders about extending the nation’s debt moratorium program beyond Dec. 31 to provide extra relief for borrowers hit by the fallout from the coronavirus pandemic, according to people with knowledge of the matter.

One of the key measures being discussed by the Monetary Authority of Singapore and local banks is the possibility of lengthening the debt relief program, with industries that have been impacted most by the crisis potentially having aid extended by as many as six months, the people said, asking not to be identified because the talks are confidential.

A tiered approach is being considered, so relief is targeted to those needing the most help, one of the people said. Details of the plan and what types of borrowers will be covered under an extension are still being finalised, they said.

An extension to the debt moratorium would help mitigate the so-called “cliff effect” on consumers and businesses once relief measures end. Authorities are using both fiscal and monetary tools to provide support against what may be a record recession that came with the pandemic.

The government introduced additional support measures of S$8 billion ($5.8 billion) last month, bringing Singapore’s total pledged pandemic aid to more than S$100 billion. They extend to March most wage subsidies that would have expired in August, and are tapered depending on how impacted different sectors are. Deputy Prime Minister Heng Swee Keat has warned, however, that the measures won’t be indefinite as they draw heavily on reserves and risk propping up nonviable businesses.

Income Loss

Under MAS’s current measures announced in March, small and medium-sized firms can opt to postpone principal payments on their secured term loans until the end of the year. Consumers can defer both principal and interest payments on residential mortgages. Individuals suffering a loss of income can ask for a lower interest rate on unsecured credit.

The proposed extension “may not fully mitigate the cliff effect, but it provides more time to banks to restructure their problem loans,” Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Rena Kwok said. Such a move may push the bulk of non-performing loan formation to next year, with credit losses to peak by the end of 2021 and begin returning to normal the following year, she said.

Shares of DBS rose 1.2% at 4:35 p.m. in Singapore on Monday, paring this year’s decline to 22%. OCBC was trading 0.8% higher and UOB was up 1.1%.

Lender

Guidance for provisions set for 2020-2021

First-half provisions

Provision Coverage Ratio

at the end of June

DBS

S$3 billion - S$5 billion

S$1.9 billion

106%

OCBC

S$3 billion - S$4 billion

S$1.4 billion

101%

UOB

S$2 billion - S$3 billion

S$700 million

96%

* Source: Data from banks and compiled by Bloomberg Intelligence

‘Cliff Effects’

MAS Managing Director Ravi Menon in July said the regulator was talking to banks and finance companies about how to ease borrowers into gradually resuming repayments once the debt relief measures expire.

“We want to avoid ‘cliff effects’ of a sudden withdrawal of these reliefs,” Menon told reporters during the publication of the MAS annual report. The central bank has eased monetary policy to help stabilise the economy, and has ensured ample liquidity at financial institutions. It also asked Singaporean banks to prioritise lending by capping their dividend payouts.

While Singapore’s rate of coronavirus infection is falling and authorities are trying to gradually reopen the economy, many restrictions on businesses and travel remain in place.

Like their global competitors, Singapore’s largest lenders DBS Group Holdings Ltd., Oversea-Chinese Banking Corp. and United Overseas Bank Ltd. are bracing for a wave of soured debts. As of June 30, debts under relief programs accounted for about 5% of DBS’s total loan book, 10% of OCBC’s, and 16% of UOB’s, according to their second-quarter results.

(Updates with analyst comment in seventh paragraph, share price in eighth, adds table on bank provisions and coverage ratio)

© 2020 Bloomberg L.P.