Stock markets rose on Tuesday as traders welcomed signs of a pause in US interest rate hikes, with sentiment also helped by growing optimism over Washington's trade talks with China.
European equities closed solidly firmer, but off earlier highs, while Wall Street posted modest gains in the late New York morning, having also come off the day's best levels seen shortly after the opening.
This followed two days of gains as investors seemed determined to claw back massive losses made in December.
US officials held a second day of talks with Chinese counterparts in Beijing on Tuesday, the first time the two sides have met face-to-face since President Donald Trump and Chinese leader Xi Jinping agreed to a tariff truce during a meeting on December 1.
Chinese monetary easing at the weekend added to the positive tone.
The dollar rebounded against the euro and sterling, but gave up earlier gains against the yen.
- Green screens, finally -
"After a terrible end to 2018 which saw global equities plummet, markets are finally seeing the colour green returning to their screens," said Hussein Sayed, chief market strategist at FXTM.
Federal Reserve chief Jerome Powell last week said that the US central bank had no "pre-set" plan for raising interest costs and was keeping a close watch on financial developments, fuelling hopes it will slow its pace of rate hikes.
"Mounting expectation that the Federal Reserve may not be in a position to hike interest rates at all during 2019 owing to the deteriorating global economic outlook has lent fresh support to US index futures," said James Hughes, chief market analyst at Axitrader.
"There's also optimism over progress being seen in the US-China trade talks which are ongoing in Beijing right now, with the involvement of President Xi's most senior aide helping lend a degree of support."
- Trade headway? -
There was little expectation this week for a full agreement on the issue, which has seen the two sides impose tariffs on goods worth hundreds of billions of dollars, there hopes persisted they can make some headway.
"While we don't expect a full resolution in trade tension between China and the US in the foreseeable future, small steps in progress are likely to be taken favourably by investors," said Tai Hui, chief market strategist for Asia-Pacific at JP Morgan Asset Management.
"The latest positive signals from the Trump administration of prospects of reaching some form of agreement and (top Xi aide) Vice Premier Liu He attending the negotiations should continue to cheer the market in the near term."
On the corporate front, Samsung on Tuesday forecast a near-30 percent drop in operating profit for the December quarter -- causing its shares to close down 1.7 percent.
The South Korean behemoth cited "lacklustre demand in the memory business and intensifying competition in the smartphone business", fanning worries about the wider technology sector.
Its US rival Apple last week sent shudders through the markets when it warned of a bigger-than-expected drop in revenues owing to falling Chinese demand while highlighting the impact of the trade war.
- Key figures around 1640 GMT -
London - FTSE 100: UP 0.7 percent at 6,861.60 points (close)
Frankfurt - DAX 30: UP 0.5 percent at 10,803.98 (close)
Paris - CAC 40: UP 1.2 percent at 4,773.27 (close)
EURO STOXX 50: UP 1.5 percent at 3,055.61
New York - Dow: UP 0.6 percent at 23,661.77
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: UP 0.8 percent at 20,204.04 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng: UP 0.2 percent at 25,875.45 (close)
Shanghai - Composite: DOWN 0.3 percent at 2,526.46 (close)
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 108.58 yen from 108.74 at 2200 GMT
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.1443 from $1.1472
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.2730 from $1.2769
Oil - Brent Crude: UP 72 cents at $58.05 per barrel
Oil - West Texas Intermediate: UP 75 cents at $49.27