European stock markets sank on Monday, with Milan shares plunging after Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti announced his intention to resign, in the latest twist in the fast-moving eurozone debt crisis.
Milan's FTSE Mib benchmark index of top companies slumped 3.38 percent to 15,169.44 points in early morning deals, as Italian government borrowing costs spiked on the back of the political uncertainty.
Madrid's IBEX 35 index dived 1.44 percent to 7,734.4 points, hit also by rising bond yields in debt-laden Spain.
Elsewhere, London's FTSE 100 dipped 0.23 percent to 5,900.58 points, Frankfurt's DAX 30 shed 0.47 percent to 7,482.92 points and the Paris CAC 40 lost 0.60 percent to 3,583.54.
"For all the drama that has been surrounding Spain and Greece recently, it's Italy now everyone is focusing on today. The unsettling news out of the eurozone's third biggest economy is weighing on sentiment," said Gekko Markets analyst Anita Paluch.
In foreign exchange activity, the European single currency dropped to $1.2909, down from $1.2928 late in New York on Friday. Gold prices rose to $1,710.82 an ounce on the London Bullion Market, from $1,701.50.
Meanwhile, the cost to Italy of borrowing for 10 years rose sharply on political uncertainty after Silvio Berlusconi revealed that he would challenge Monti in forthcoming elections.
"Whether it's Monti's early departure or the fact that Berlusconi is going to run for office again that's proving the most unsettling for markets is clearly open for debate," said Mike McCudden, head of derivatives at brokerage Interactive Investor.
"However, many consider Italy as being on the cusp of plunging into a financial markets abyss.
"Monti's appointment and formation of a technocratic government really was seen as the only way to steer Italy away from Armageddon, and strong leadership to ensure austerity is implemented -- and tax receipts continue to creep higher -- is imperative."
In reaction to the turmoil, the 10-year yield on the market for existing government bonds jumped to 4.759 percent on Monday, from 4.525 percent late on Friday.
Monti, caretaker prime minister since Berlusconi left office last year under a cloud of controversy, is credited with enacting deep economic reforms which had brought down sharply Italian bond yields.
"Italian elections -- possibly as early as February -- could weigh on European assets for the medium-term. The market had expected elections in April," added Kathleen Brooks, research director at trading website Forex.com.
"Monti will resign, so the market needs to weigh up the prospect of a new leader who may not want to stick to Monti's economic reform programme," she told AFP.
"Added to that, Berlusconi's potential return to power may cause Italian relations with other eurozone members -- particularly Germany -- to deteriorate."
Brooks added that the euro losses were capped by expectations of more quantitative easing (QE) stimulus measures from the US Federal Reserve, which will announce its latest interest rate decision on Wednesday.
In earlier deals, Asian equities mostly rose on Monday as dealers cheered an improvement in the US unemployment rate and another batch of manufacturing figures indicating China's economy is emerging from a slumber.