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HSBC HK shareholders mull legal action over dividend suspension

HSBC logo is seen on a branch bank in the financial district in New York

By Sumeet Chatterjee, Felix Tam and Lawrence White

HONG KONG/LONDON (Reuters) - HSBC <HSBA.L> shareholders in Hong Kong are calling for an extraordinary meeting with the bank's management and considering legal action against its decision to scrap dividend payments.

HSBC and other top British banks on Wednesday announced the suspension of dividend payouts after pressure from the regulator to conserve capital as a buffer against expected losses from the coronavirus crisis.

Founded in Hong Kong about 150 years ago as Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corp, Europe's biggest bank by assets has a large number of small shareholders in the city who have long benefited from the bank's stable dividend payments.


Some of the Hong Kong shareholders have created a Facebook page, which had more than 3,000 members as of Sunday, to discuss possible action against the London-headquartered bank's dividend halt.

"At this stage, we must call an EGM (extraordinary general meeting) to let the management explain to us," H.T. Chan, a 46-year-old retired driver who is part of the Facebook group, told Reuters. "For legal action, it depends on what they respond in the EGM. Hopefully, we can call this meeting."

Shareholders of a company with at least 5% of the total voting rights may require it to convene an EGM, according to Hong Kong laws.

As of Sunday, the newly formed HSBC Shareholders Alliance in Hong Kong had registered members with combined ownership of about 2% of the bank's stock, Ken Lui, the convenor of the alliance, told reporters on Monday.

"Our goal is to gather 5% of shareholding to call for an EGM ... we are very optimistic as we have only set up this alliance four, five days ago."

In a letter to Hong Kong shareholders after the dividend halt, HSBC Chief Executive Noel Quinn said the bank's board would review the position once the economic impact of the pandemic was better understood.

"We profoundly regret the impact this will have on you, your families and your businesses. We are acutely aware of how important the dividend is to our shareholders in Hong Kong," he wrote.


Analysts and investors saw little chance of the shareholder group reversing the dividend decision.

"I see the debate about the banks' dividends as a very short one: regulator tells them what to do and they comply – end of story," said one London-based institutional investor.

The bank's retail investors have a good chance of forcing the EGM to happen, said Ed Firth, analyst at KBW in London.

"Whether HSBC holders getting an EGM will result in any change is far less likely," he said.

"On the margins they may be able to establish that the Bank of England was responsible for the cut which might be relevant for future legal actions, but it looks reasonably marginal," he said.

Hong Kong is HSBC's single most important market, and it is one of three note issuing banks there.

A spokeswoman for HSBC said on Sunday the bank was not able to comment on any legal proceedings not yet started.

"I am following the majority action. This is a significantly essential issue as you have promised substantial and persistent dividend-paying, but you fail to do that," said Kingsley Chow, a 39-year-old unemployed man relying on dividend income.

"Our first demand, at least, you have to open (an) EGM to explain to us face-to-face, not just an apology letter!," he wrote on the Facebook page, referring to Quinn's letter.

(Reporting by Sumeet Chatterjee and Felix Tam in Hong Kong and Lawrence White and Sinead Cruise in London; Editing by Mark Potter and Jane Merriman)