Singapore Markets open in 6 hrs 55 mins

EUR/USD- Trading the U.S. Consumer Price Report

David Song

Trading the News: U.S. Consumer Price Index

What’s Expected:

Time of release: 02/21/2013 13:30 GMT, 8:30 EST

Primary Pair Impact: EURUSD

Expected: 1.6%

Previous: 1.7%

DailyFX Forecast: 1.6% to 1.7%

Why Is This Event Important:

The headline reading for U.S. inflation is projected to increase 1.6% following the 1.7% rise in December, and ease price pressures may drag on the dollar as it raises the Fed’s scope to expand the balance sheet further. However, as a growing number of FOMC officials drop their dovish tone for monetary policy, a slower rate of price growth may have a limited impact in producing a bearish reaction in the USD, and we may see the bullish sentiment surrounding the greenback gather pace throughout 2013 as the central bank appears to be moving away from its easing cycle.

Recent Economic Developments

The Upside




U. of Michigan Confidence (FEB P)



Consumer Credit (DEC)



Personal Income (DEC)



The Downside




Produce Price Index (YoY) (DEC)



Advance Retail Sales (JAN)



Import Price Index (YoY) (JAN)



The ongoing improvement in household confidence along with the pickup in wage growth may encourage businesses to pass on higher costs onto consumers, and an uptick in the CPI should prop up the dollar as the pickup in growth and inflation dampens the Fed’s scope to expand the balance sheet further. However, firms across the U.S. may offer further discounts amid the recent slowdown in private sector consumption, and we may see the FOMC continue to carry out its easing cycle throughout the first-half of 2013 in an effort to encourage a stronger recovery.

Potential Price Targets For The Release

Forex_EURUSD-_Trading_the_U.S._Consumer_Price_Report_body_ScreenShot273.png, EUR/USD- Trading the U.S. Consumer Price Report

As the relative strength index on the EURUSD fails to maintain the upward trend carried over from November, the pair looks poised for a move back towards the 38.2% Fibonacci retracement from the 2009 high to the 2010 low around 1.3120, and we may see the euro-dollar threaten the ascending channel from the previous year as the fundamental outlook for the U.S. improves. However, a decline in the CPI may produce a short-term rebound in the exchange rate as the EURUSD comes up against trendline support, and we may see the pair consolidate before making a move lower if the data heightens bets for a further expansion in the Fed’s balance sheet.

How To Trade This Event Risk

Expectations for a slower rate of inflation favors a bearish forecast for the greenback, but a stronger-than-expected print may pave the way for a long U.S. dollar trade as the Fed adopts a more neutral tone for monetary policy. Therefore, if the consumer price report tops market forecast, we will need to see a red, five-minute candle following the release to establish a sell entry on two-lots of EURUSD. Once these conditions are fulfilled, we will set the initial stop at the nearby swing high, and this risk will generate our first objective. The second target will be based on discretion, and we will move the stop on the second lot to breakeven once the first trade hits its mark in an effort to lock-in our gains.

In contrast, the slowdown in household spending along with lower input costs may drag on consumer prices, and weak inflation print may produce a selloff in the dollar as it raises the scope for more QE. As a result, if price growth slows in January, we will implement the same strategy for a long euro-dollar trade as the short position laid out above, just in the opposite direction.

Impact that the U.S. Consumer Price report has had on USD during the last month


Data Released



Pips Change

(1 Hour post event )

Pips Change

(End of Day post event)

DEC 2012

01/16/2013 13:30 GMT





December 2012 U.S. Consumer Price Index

Forex_EURUSD-_Trading_the_U.S._Consumer_Price_Report_body_ScreenShot272.png, EUR/USD- Trading the U.S. Consumer Price Report

U.S. consumer prices increased an annualized 1.7% after expanding 1.8% in November, while the core rate of inflation head steady at 1.9% for the second consecutive month. Although the initial reaction was fairly muted, the dollar lost ground during the North American trade, with the EURUSD ending the day at 1.3287.

--- Written by David Song, Currency Analyst

To contact David, e-mail

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong

To be added to David's e-mail distribution list, please follow this link.

New to FX? Watch this Video

Questions? Comments? Join us in the DailyFX Forum

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.
Learn forex trading with a free practice account and trading charts from FXCM.