Advertisement
Singapore markets closed
  • Straits Times Index

    3,471.16
    -18.41 (-0.53%)
     
  • S&P 500

    5,588.27
    -78.93 (-1.39%)
     
  • Dow

    41,198.08
    +243.60 (+0.59%)
     
  • Nasdaq

    17,996.92
    -512.42 (-2.77%)
     
  • Bitcoin USD

    64,564.18
    -736.31 (-1.13%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    1,340.31
    +10.81 (+0.81%)
     
  • FTSE 100

    8,243.66
    +56.20 (+0.69%)
     
  • Gold

    2,466.80
    +6.90 (+0.28%)
     
  • Crude Oil

    82.79
    -0.06 (-0.07%)
     
  • 10-Yr Bond

    4.1460
    -0.0210 (-0.50%)
     
  • Nikkei

    40,126.35
    -971.34 (-2.36%)
     
  • Hang Seng

    17,778.41
    +39.00 (+0.22%)
     
  • FTSE Bursa Malaysia

    1,633.81
    +0.27 (+0.02%)
     
  • Jakarta Composite Index

    7,321.07
    +96.85 (+1.34%)
     
  • PSE Index

    6,705.01
    +17.30 (+0.26%)
     

Estimating The Fair Value Of Second Chance Properties Ltd (SGX:528)

Key Insights

  • Using the 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity, Second Chance Properties fair value estimate is S$0.18

  • Current share price of S$0.21 suggests Second Chance Properties is potentially trading close to its fair value

  • Industry average of 26% suggests Second Chance Properties' peers are currently trading at a higher premium to fair value

How far off is Second Chance Properties Ltd (SGX:528) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. Before you think you won't be able to understand it, just read on! It's actually much less complex than you'd imagine.

We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. For those who are keen learners of equity analysis, the Simply Wall St analysis model here may be something of interest to you.

ADVERTISEMENT

See our latest analysis for Second Chance Properties

Step By Step Through The Calculation

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

2032

2033

Levered FCF (SGD, Millions)

S$11.5m

S$11.0m

S$10.8m

S$10.7m

S$10.6m

S$10.7m

S$10.8m

S$11.0m

S$11.1m

S$11.3m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Est @ -7.12%

Est @ -4.35%

Est @ -2.42%

Est @ -1.06%

Est @ -0.11%

Est @ 0.55%

Est @ 1.02%

Est @ 1.34%

Est @ 1.57%

Est @ 1.73%

Present Value (SGD, Millions) Discounted @ 7.8%

S$10.7

S$9.5

S$8.6

S$7.9

S$7.3

S$6.8

S$6.4

S$6.0

S$5.6

S$5.3

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = S$74m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (2.1%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 7.8%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = S$11m× (1 + 2.1%) ÷ (7.8%– 2.1%) = S$201m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= S$201m÷ ( 1 + 7.8%)10= S$95m

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is S$169m. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of S$0.2, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
dcf

Important Assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Second Chance Properties as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 7.8%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.247. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

SWOT Analysis for Second Chance Properties

Strength

  • Debt is well covered by earnings.

  • Dividends are covered by earnings and cash flows.

Weakness

  • Earnings declined over the past year.

  • Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Specialty Retail market.

  • Current share price is above our estimate of fair value.

Opportunity

  • 528's financial characteristics indicate limited near-term opportunities for shareholders.

  • Lack of analyst coverage makes it difficult to determine 528's earnings prospects.

Threat

  • Debt is not well covered by operating cash flow.

Next Steps:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For Second Chance Properties, we've put together three pertinent factors you should look at:

  1. Financial Health: Does 528 have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.

  2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

  3. Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Singaporean stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.