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Crown Castle Reports Third Quarter 2021 Results, Provides Outlook for Full Year 2022 and Announces 11% Increase to Common Stock Dividend

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Chart 1

Crown Castle International Corp.
Crown Castle International Corp.
Crown Castle International Corp.

Chart 2

Crown Castle International Corp.
Crown Castle International Corp.
Crown Castle International Corp.

HOUSTON, Oct. 20, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Crown Castle International Corp. (NYSE: CCI) ("Crown Castle") today reported results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2021, maintained its full year 2021 outlook, and issued its full year 2022 outlook, as reflected in the table below.

Full Year 2022

Full Year 2021

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Current
Outlook
Midpoint(a)

Midpoint
Growth Rate
Compared to
Previous Year
Outlook

Current
Outlook
Midpoint(a)

Midpoint Growth Rate Compared
to Previous Year Actual(b)

As Reported

As Adjusted(c)

Site rental revenues

$5,975

5%

$5,700

7%

7%

Income (loss) from continuing operations(e)

$1,424

28%

$1,114(d)

5%

34%

Income (loss) from continuing operations per share —diluted(e)(f)

$3.28

28%

$2.57(d)

9%

40%

Adjusted EBITDA(e)

$4,022

6%

$3,787

2%

11%

AFFO(e)(f)

$3,201

8%

$2,966

3%

14%

AFFO per share(e)(f)

$7.36

8%

$6.83

1%

12%

(a) As issued on October 20, 2021, and, with respect to the Current Full Year 2021 Outlook, unchanged from the prior full year 2021 Outlook issued on July 21, 2021.
(b) See "Full Year 2021 and 2022 Outlook" below for our full year 2020 actual results.
(c) As Adjusted growth rates exclude the impact of the cancellation of certain small cells previously contracted with Sprint Corporation and a reduction in staffing that occurred in fourth quarter 2020 (collectively, "Nontypical Items"), as further described in our press release dated January 27, 2021 and reconciled in "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein.
(d) Does not reflect the impact related to the ATO Settlement (as defined in the Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 26, 2021 ("April 8-K"), which is attributable to discontinued operations as discussed in the April 8-K.
(e) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for further information and reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to Income (loss) from continuing operations, as computed in accordance with GAAP.
(f) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

"We delivered strong results in the third quarter and increased our annualized common stock dividend by approximately 11% to $5.88 per share," stated Jay Brown, Crown Castle’s Chief Executive Officer. "The dividend increase is supported by the expected combined growth in 2021 and 2022, and represents the second-consecutive year of dividend growth that meaningfully exceeds our long-term growth target of 7% to 8% per year. We are generating this level of growth as a result of a robust tower leasing environment, which we expect will continue in 2022, consistent small cell install volumes in 2021 and 2022 and stable fiber solutions growth, which combine to produce expected AFFO per share growth at the high end of our long-term target. We are focused on supporting our customers as they upgrade their existing cell sites as part of the first phase of the 5G build out in the U.S., which is resulting in record tower application volumes this year and an expected 20% increase in core leasing activity for our Towers segment for full year 2022 when compared to projected 2021 levels. This expected level of core leasing activity is approximately 50% higher than the trailing 5-year average for our Towers business.

"Looking forward, we continue to believe the deployment of 5G will extend our opportunity to create value for our shareholders, as we expect our ability to offer towers, small cells and fiber solutions, which are all integral components of communications networks, will be critical for our customers as they increase the density of their networks during the next deployment phase of 5G. Our diverse portfolio of assets and customer solutions has enabled us to outperform our long-term target growth rate of 7% to 8% since we established the target in 2017, demonstrating how well positioned Crown Castle is to capitalize on the robust demand for connectivity in the U.S. During that period, we have grown dividends per share at a compound annual growth rate of 9%, and, going forward, we believe our strategy will allow us to deliver on our long-term dividend per share growth target."

RESULTS FOR THE QUARTER
The table below sets forth select financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020.

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Q3 2021

Q3 2020

Change

% Change

Site rental revenues

$1,451

$1,339

+$112

+8%

Income (loss) from continuing operations

$351

$163

+$188

+115%

Income (loss) from continuing operations per share—diluted(a)

$0.81

$0.38

+$0.43

+113%

Adjusted EBITDA(b)

$976

$883

+$93

+11%

AFFO(a)(b)

$767

$668

+$99

+15%

AFFO per share(a)(b)

$1.77

$1.56

+$0.21

+13%

(a) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for further information and reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to Income (loss) from continuing operations, as computed in accordance with GAAP.

HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE QUARTER

  • Site rental revenues. Site rental revenues grew 8%, or $112 million, from third quarter 2020 to third quarter 2021, inclusive of approximately $77 million in Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues and a $34 million increase in straight-lined revenues. The aforementioned $77 million in Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues represents approximately 5.8% growth, comprised of approximately 9.1% growth from new leasing activity and contracted tenant escalations, net of approximately 3.3% from tenant non-renewals.

  • Income from continuing operations. Income from continuing operations for third quarter 2021 was $351 million compared to $163 million for third quarter 2020 and was predominantly impacted by the increase in site rental revenues and services contribution as well as the absence of a loss of $95 million on retirement of long-term obligations.

  • AFFO per share. AFFO per share for third quarter 2021 was $1.77, representing 13% growth when compared to $1.56 for third quarter 2020.

  • Capital expenditures. Capital expenditures during the quarter were $283 million, comprised of $21 million of sustaining capital expenditures and $262 million of discretionary capital expenditures. Discretionary capital expenditures during the quarter primarily included approximately $217 million attributable to Fiber and approximately $42 million attributable to Towers.

  • Common stock dividend. During the quarter, Crown Castle paid common stock dividends of approximately $575 million in the aggregate, or $1.33 per common share, an increase of approximately 11% on a per share basis compared to the same period a year ago.

"We are excited about the substantial growth we are seeing in our business as our customers are deploying 5G at scale, supporting our expectation that AFFO per share growth for full year 2022 will be at the high end of our long-term growth target after what we expect will be 12% AFFO per share growth this year," stated Dan Schlanger, Crown Castle's Chief Financial Officer. "From 2020 through 2022, we expect to grow AFFO per share at a compound annual growth rate of 10%, demonstrating the continued strength in activity levels across our business. Looking forward, we believe we are in a great position to deliver on our long-term dividend per share growth target while at the same time making investments in our business that we believe will generate attractive long-term returns and support future growth. We believe our business and balance sheet are positioned well to support consistent AFFO growth through various economic cycles, including during periods of higher inflation and interest rates. Our cost structure is largely fixed in nature, and we have taken deliberate steps to further strengthen our balance sheet position to where we sit today with more than 90% fixed-rate debt, a weighted average maturity across our debt of more than nine years and a weighted average interest rate of 3.1%. In addition, based on the expected growth in cash flows for full year 2022, we expect to maintain a consistent dividend payout ratio and once again fund our discretionary capital budget next year with free cash flow and incremental debt capacity, consistent with our investment grade credit profile."

OUTLOOK
This Outlook section contains forward-looking statements, and actual results may differ materially. Information regarding potential risks which could cause actual results to differ from the forward-looking statements herein is set forth below and in Crown Castle's filings with the SEC.

The following table sets forth Crown Castle's current Outlook for full year 2021, which is unchanged from the prior full year 2021 Outlook, and full year 2022:

(in millions, except per share amounts)

Full Year 2021

Full Year 2022

Site rental revenues

$5,677

to

$5,722

$5,952

to

$5,997

Site rental cost of operations(a)

$1,538

to

$1,583

$1,548

to

$1,593

Income (loss) from continuing operations

$1,074

to

$1,154(b)

$1,384

to

$1,464

Adjusted EBITDA(c)

$3,764

to

$3,809

$3,999

to

$4,044

Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(d)

$633

to

$678

$615

to

$660

FFO(c)(e)

$2,720

to

$2,765

$3,068

to

$3,113

AFFO(c)(e)

$2,943

to

$2,988

$3,178

to

$3,223

AFFO per share(c)(e)

$6.78

to

$6.89

$7.31

to

$7.41

(a) Exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion.
(b) Does not reflect the impact related to the ATO Settlement (as defined in the April 8-K), which is attributable to discontinued operations as discussed in the April 8-K.
(c) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for further information and reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to Income (loss) from continuing operations, as computed in accordance with GAAP.
(d) See reconciliation of "Components of Current Outlook for Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs" for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.
(e) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

Full Year 2021 and 2022 Outlook
The table below compares the results for full year 2020, the midpoint of the current full year 2021 Outlook that remains unchanged from the previous full year 2021 Outlook, and the midpoint of the current full year 2022 Outlook for select metrics.

Midpoint of
Full Year 2022
Outlook

Midpoint of
Full Year 2021
Outlook

2020

(in millions, except per share amounts)

Current(a)

Current(a)

Full Year
Actual

Impact from
Nontypical
Items

Site rental revenues

$5,975

$5,700

$5,320

$—

Income (loss) from continuing operations

$1,424

$1,114(b)

$1,056

$223

Income (loss) from continuing operations per share—diluted(c)

$3.28

$2.57(b)

$2.35

$0.52

Adjusted EBITDA(d)

$4,022

$3,787

$3,706

$286

AFFO(c)(d)

$3,201

$2,966

$2,878

$286

AFFO per share(c)(d)

$7.36

$6.83

$6.78

$0.68

(a) As issued on October 20, 2021, and, with respect to the Current Full Year 2021 Outlook, unchanged from the prior full year 2021 Outlook issued on July 21, 2021.
(b) Does not reflect the impact related to the ATO Settlement (as defined in the April 8-K), which is attributable to discontinued operations as discussed in the April 8-K.
(c) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(d) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for further information and reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to Income (loss) from continuing operations, as computed in accordance with GAAP.

  • The chart below reconciles the components of expected growth in site rental revenues from 2021 to 2022 of $255 million to $300 million, inclusive of expected Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues during 2022 of $245 million to $285 million, or approximately 5%. The expected consolidated growth includes approximately 5.5% from towers, approximately 5% from small cells, and approximately 3% from fiber solutions.

    Chart 1: https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/ae59262c-3c11-43d2-a1d9-1f15b1fb70d9

  • As shown in the table below, new leasing activity for full year 2022 is expected to contribute $335 million to $365 million, or $325 million to $355 million excluding the expected $10 million contribution from the year-over-year increase in prepaid rent amortization. The expected contribution from core leasing activity of $325 million to $355 million includes $155 million to $165 million of growth from towers (compared to $130 million to $140 million expected in full year 2021), $25 million to $35 million of growth from small cells (compared to $40 million to $50 million expected in full year 2021), and $145 million to $155 million of growth from fiber solutions (compared to $160 million to $170 million expected in full year 2021).

NEW LEASING ACTIVITY BY SEGMENT

Full Year 2021 Outlook

Full Year 2022 Outlook

Towers

Fiber

Total

Towers

Fiber

Total

(in millions)

Small
Cells

Fiber
Solutions

Small
Cells

Fiber
Solutions

New leasing activity(a)

$150-$160

$50-$60

$160-$170

$360-$390

$160-$170

$25-$35

$150-$160

$335-$365

Less: Year-over-year increase in prepaid rent amortization

(20)

(10)

(30)

(5)

(5)

(10)

Core leasing activity(a)

$130-$140

$40-$50

$160-$170

$330-$360

$155-$165

$25-$35

$145-$155

$325-$355

(a) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for a discussion of our definitions of new leasing activity and core leasing activity.

  • When comparing the midpoints of the full year 2021 and full year 2022 Outlooks, the impact from non-renewals is expected to increase by approximately $15 million. The expected increase includes a $20 million increase in tower non-renewals to approximately $60 million in 2022 from approximately $40 million in 2021 that primarily relates to the T-Mobile and Sprint network consolidation, offset by an expected $5 million reduction in fiber solutions non-renewals.

  • The chart below reconciles the components of expected growth in AFFO from 2021 to 2022 of $215 million to $260 million.

    Chart 2: https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/3a250640-bc45-4349-a6c4-1d2b30ef85d3

  • In addition, discretionary capital expenditures are expected to be $1.1 billion to $1.2 billion in 2022, which compares to an expected $1.1 billion in 2021 and $1.5 billion for full year 2020 actual. The lower levels of expected discretionary capital expenditures in 2021 and 2022 as compared to 2020 primarily reflect the expected annual deployment of 5,000 small cells in each of 2021 and 2022 relative to approximately 10,000 small cells deployed in 2020. Prepaid rent additions are expected to be approximately $400 million in 2022, consistent with the expected prepaid rent additions in 2021.

  • Additional information is available in Crown Castle's quarterly Supplemental Information Package posted in the Investors section of our website.

DIVIDEND INCREASE ANNOUNCEMENT
Crown Castle's Board of Directors has declared a quarterly cash dividend of $1.47 per common share, representing an increase of approximately 11% over the previous quarterly dividend of $1.33 per share. The quarterly dividend will be payable on December 31, 2021 to common stockholders of record at the close of business on December 15, 2021. Future dividends are subject to the approval of Crown Castle's Board of Directors.

CARBON NEUTRAL GOAL
In a separate press release today, Crown Castle announced it has set a goal to be carbon neutral by 2025 in Scope 1 and 2 emissions through a combination of continued investment in energy reduction initiatives, sourcing renewable energy, and, to a lesser extent, utilizing carbon credits or offsets.

CONFERENCE CALL DETAILS
Crown Castle has scheduled a conference call for Thursday, October 21, 2021, at 10:30 a.m. Eastern time to discuss its third quarter 2021 results. The conference call may be accessed by dialing 800-263-0877 and asking for the Crown Castle call (access code 7393600) at least 30 minutes prior to the start time. The conference call may also be accessed live over the Internet at investor.crowncastle.com. Supplemental materials for the call have been posted on the Crown Castle website at investor.crowncastle.com.

A telephonic replay of the conference call will be available from 1:30 p.m. Eastern time on Thursday, October 21, 2021, through 1:30 p.m. Eastern time on Wednesday, January 19, 2022, and may be accessed by dialing 888-203-1112 and using access code 7393600. An audio archive will also be available on Crown Castle's website at investor.crowncastle.com shortly after the call and will be accessible for approximately 90 days.

ABOUT CROWN CASTLE
Crown Castle owns, operates and leases more than 40,000 cell towers and approximately 80,000 route miles of fiber supporting small cells and fiber solutions across every major U.S. market. This nationwide portfolio of communications infrastructure connects cities and communities to essential data, technology and wireless service - bringing information, ideas and innovations to the people and businesses that need them. For more information on Crown Castle, please visit www.crowncastle.com.

Contacts:

Dan Schlanger, CFO

Ben Lowe, SVP & Treasurer

Crown Castle International Corp.

713-570-3050

Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations

This press release includes presentations of Income (loss) from continuing operations (as adjusted), including per share—diluted amounts, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO"), including per share amounts, Funds from Operations ("FFO"), including per share amounts, and Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues, which are non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended as alternative measures of operating results or cash flow from operations (as determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP")).

Our non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies, including other companies in the communications infrastructure sector or other real estate investment trusts ("REITs").

In addition to the non-GAAP financial measures used herein, we also provide Segment Site Rental Gross Margin, Segment Services and Other Gross Margin and Segment Operating Profit, which are key measures used by management to evaluate our operating segments. These segment measures are provided pursuant to GAAP requirements related to segment reporting. In addition, we provide the components of certain GAAP measures, such as capital expenditures.

Our non-GAAP financial measures are presented as additional information because management believes these measures are useful indicators of the financial performance of our business. Among other things, management believes that:

  • Income (loss) from continuing operations (as adjusted), including per share—diluted amounts, is useful to investors and other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance. Management believes that this measure is meaningful to investors as it adjusts Income (loss) from continuing operations to exclude the impact of the Nontypical Items (as defined in this press release and described further in our press release dated January 27, 2021), which management believes are unusual (including with respect to magnitude), infrequent and not reasonably likely to recur in the near term, to provide further insight into our results of operations and underlying trends and projections. Management also believes that identifying the impact of Nontypical Items as adjustments provides more transparency and comparability across periods. There can be no assurances that such items will not recur in future periods. Income (loss) from continuing operations (as adjusted), including per share—diluted amounts should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance.

  • Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary measure used by management (1) to evaluate the economic productivity of our operations and (2) for purposes of making decisions about allocating resources to, and assessing the performance of, our operations. Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate and compare the results of our operations (1) from period to period and (2) to our competitors, by removing the impact of our capital structure (primarily interest charges from our outstanding debt) and asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion) from our financial results. Management also believes Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used by investors or other interested parties in the evaluation of the communications infrastructure sector and other REITs to measure financial performance without regard to items such as depreciation, amortization and accretion which can vary depending upon accounting methods and the book value of assets. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA is similar to the measure of current financial performance generally used in our debt covenant calculations. Separately, we are also disclosing Adjusted EBITDA as adjusted to exclude the impact of Nontypical Items, which management believes are unusual (including with respect to magnitude), infrequent and not reasonably likely to recur in the near term, to provide further insight into our results of operations and underlying trends and projections. Management also believes that identifying the impact of Nontypical Items as adjustments provides increased transparency and comparability across periods. There can be no assurances that such items will not recur in future periods. Adjusted EBITDA (including as further adjusted to exclude Nontypical Items) should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance.

  • AFFO, including per share amounts, is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance. Management believes that AFFO helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate our financial performance as it includes (1) the impact of our capital structure (primarily interest expense on our outstanding debt and dividends on our preferred stock (in periods where applicable)) and (2) sustaining capital expenditures, and excludes the impact of our (a) asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion) and (b) certain non-cash items, including straight-lined revenues and expenses related to fixed escalations and rent free periods. GAAP requires rental revenues and expenses related to leases that contain specified rental increases over the life of the lease to be recognized evenly over the life of the lease. In accordance with GAAP, if payment terms call for fixed escalations, or rent free periods, the revenue or expense is recognized on a straight-lined basis over the fixed, non-cancelable term of the contract. Management notes that Crown Castle uses AFFO only as a performance measure. Separately, we are also disclosing AFFO as adjusted to exclude the impact of Nontypical Items, which management believes are unusual (including with respect to magnitude), infrequent and not reasonably likely to recur in the near term, to provide further insight into our results of operations and underlying trends and projections. Management also believes that identifying the impact of Nontypical Items as adjustments provides increased transparency and comparability across periods. There can be no assurances that such items will not recur in future periods. AFFO (including as further adjusted to exclude Nontypical Items) should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance and should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operations or as residual cash flow available for discretionary investment.

  • FFO, including per share amounts, is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance. Management believes that FFO may be used by investors or other interested parties as a basis to compare our financial performance with that of other REITs. FFO helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate financial performance by excluding the impact of our asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion). FFO is not a key performance indicator used by Crown Castle. FFO should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance and should not be considered as an alternative to cash flow from operations.

  • Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues is useful to investors or other interested parties in understanding the components of the year-over-year changes in our site rental revenues computed in accordance with GAAP. Management uses the Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues to assess year-over-year growth rates for our rental activities, to evaluate current performance, to capture trends in rental rates, new leasing activities and tenant non-renewals in our core business, as well to forecast future results. Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues is not meant as an alternative measure of revenue and should be considered only as a supplement in understanding and assessing the performance of our site rental revenues computed in accordance with GAAP.

We define our non-GAAP financial measures, segment measures and other calculations as follows:

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Income (loss) from continuing operations (as adjusted). We define Income (loss) from continuing operations (as adjusted) as Income (loss) from continuing operations less other operating income resulting from the Nontypical Items, plus incremental operating expenses and asset write-downs as a result of the Nontypical Items.

Income (loss) from continuing operations (as adjusted) per share—diluted. We define Income (loss) from continuing operations (as adjusted) per sharediluted as Income (loss) from continuing operations (as adjusted), divided by diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding.

Adjusted EBITDA. We define Adjusted EBITDA as Income (loss) from continuing operations plus restructuring charges (credits), asset write-down charges, acquisition and integration costs, depreciation, amortization and accretion, amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments, interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs, (gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations, net (gain) loss on interest rate swaps, (gains) losses on foreign currency swaps, impairment of available-for-sale securities, interest income, other (income) expense, (benefit) provision for income taxes, cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle and stock-based compensation expense. Separately, Adjusted EBITDA, as adjusted to exclude the impact of Nontypical Items, reflects Adjusted EBITDA, less other operating income resulting from the Nontypical Items, plus incremental operating expenses as a result of the Nontypical Items.

Adjusted Funds from Operations. We define Adjusted Funds from Operations as FFO before straight-lined revenue, straight-lined expense, stock-based compensation expense, non-cash portion of tax provision, non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion, amortization of non-cash interest expense, other (income) expense, (gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations, net (gain) loss on interest rate swaps, (gains) losses on foreign currency swaps, impairment of available-for-sale securities, acquisition and integration costs, restructuring charges (credits), cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle and adjustments for noncontrolling interests, less sustaining capital expenditures. Separately, Adjusted Funds from Operations, as adjusted to exclude the impact of Nontypical Items, reflects Adjusted Funds from Operations, less other operating income resulting from the Nontypical Items, plus incremental operating expenses as a result of the Nontypical Items.

AFFO per share. We define AFFO per share as AFFO, including as adjusted to exclude the impact of Nontypical Items, divided by diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding.

Funds from Operations. We define Funds from Operations as Income (loss) from continuing operations plus real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion and asset write-down charges, less noncontrolling interest and cash paid for preferred stock dividends (in periods where applicable), and is a measure of funds from operations attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

FFO per share. We define FFO per share as FFO divided by the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding.

Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues. We define the Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues as the sum of the change in GAAP site rental revenues related to (1) new leasing activity, including revenues from the construction of small cells and the impact of prepaid rent, (2) escalators and less (3) non-renewals of tenant contracts.

Segment Measures

Segment Site Rental Gross Margin. We define Segment Site Rental Gross Margin as segment site rental revenues less segment site rental costs of operations, excluding stock-based compensation expense and prepaid lease purchase price adjustments recorded in consolidated site rental cost of operations.

Segment Services and Other Gross Margin. We define Segment Services and Other Gross Margin as segment services and other revenues less segment services and other costs of operations, excluding stock-based compensation expense recorded in consolidated services and other cost of operations.

Segment Operating Profit. We define Segment Operating Profit as segment site rental gross margin plus segment services and other gross margin, and segment other operating (income) expense, less selling, general and administrative expenses attributable to the respective segment.

All of these measurements of profit or loss are exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion, which are shown separately. Additionally, certain costs are shared across segments and are reflected in our segment measures through allocations that management believes to be reasonable.

Other Calculations

New leasing activity. We define new leasing activity as the impact to site rental revenue growth, exclusive of the impact of straight-line accounting, from (1) tenant additions across our entire portfolio, (2) renewals or extensions of tenant contracts, and (3) year-over-year changes in prepaid rent amortization.

Core leasing activity. We define core leasing activity as the impact to site rental revenue growth from tenant additions across our entire portfolio and renewals or extensions of tenant contracts, exclusive of the impacts of both straight-line accounting and prepaid rent amortization.

Discretionary capital expenditures. We define discretionary capital expenditures as those capital expenditures made with respect to activities which we believe exhibit sufficient potential to enhance long-term stockholder value. They primarily consist of expansion or development of communications infrastructure (including capital expenditures related to (1) enhancing communications infrastructure in order to add new tenants for the first time or support subsequent tenant equipment augmentations or (2) modifying the structure of a communications infrastructure asset to accommodate additional tenants) and construction of new communications infrastructure. Discretionary capital expenditures also include purchases of land interests (which primarily relates to land assets under towers as we seek to manage our interests in the land beneath our towers), certain technology-related investments necessary to support and scale future customer demand for our communications infrastructure, and other capital projects.

Sustaining capital expenditures. We define sustaining capital expenditures as those capital expenditures not otherwise categorized as either discretionary or integration capital expenditures, such as (1) maintenance capital expenditures on our communications infrastructure assets that enable our tenants' ongoing quiet enjoyment of the communications infrastructure and (2) ordinary corporate capital expenditures.

The tables set forth on the following pages reconcile the non-GAAP financial measures used herein to comparable GAAP financial measures. The components in these tables may not sum to the total due to rounding.

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations to Comparable GAAP Financial Measures:

Reconciliation of Historical Adjusted EBITDA:

For the Three Months Ended

For the Nine Months Ended

For the Twelve
Months Ended

(in millions)

September 30,
2021

September 30,
2020

September 30,
2021

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2020

Income (loss) from continuing operations

$

351

$

163

$

805

(a)

$

548

$

1,056

Adjustments to increase (decrease) Income (loss) from continuing operations:

Asset write-down charges

3

9

10

74

Acquisition and integration costs

2

1

9

10

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

413

406

1,229

1,207

1,608

Amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments

4

5

14

14

18

Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(b)

163

168

493

521

689

(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations

1

95

145

95

95

Interest income

(1

)

(2

)

(2

)

Other (income) expense

4

3

16

3

5

(Benefit) provision for income taxes

7

5

20

16

20

Stock-based compensation expense

33

33

100

106

133

Adjusted EBITDA(c)(d)

$

976

$

883

$

2,831

$

2,527

$

3,706

Reconciliation of Current Outlook for Adjusted EBITDA:

Full Year 2021

Full Year 2022

(in millions)

Outlook(f)

Outlook(f)

Income (loss) from continuing operations

$1,074

to

$1,154(a)

$1,384

to

$1,464

Adjustments to increase (decrease) Income (loss) from continuing operations:

Asset write-down charges

$15

to

$25

$15

to

$25

Acquisition and integration costs

$0

to

$8

$0

to

$8

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

$1,615

to

$1,710

$1,650

to

$1,745

Amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments

$17

to

$19

$16

to

$18

Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(e)

$633

to

$678

$615

to

$660

(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations

$145

to

$145

$0

to

$100

Interest income

$(3

)

to

$0

$(1

)

to

$0

Other (income) expense

$1

to

$12

$0

to

$5

(Benefit) provision for income taxes

$18

to

$26

$25

to

$33

Stock-based compensation expense

$133

to

$143

$135

to

$139

Adjusted EBITDA(c)(d)

$3,764

to

$3,809

$3,999

to

$4,044

(a) Does not reflect the impact related to the ATO Settlement (as defined in the April 8-K), which is attributable to discontinued operations as discussed in the April 8-K.
(b) See reconciliation of "Components of Historical Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs" for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.
(c) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for a discussion of our definition of Adjusted EBITDA.
(d) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.
(e) See reconciliation of "Components of Current Outlook for Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs" for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.
(f) As issued on October 20, 2021, and, with respect to the Current Full Year 2021 Outlook, unchanged from the prior full year 2021 Outlook issued on July 21, 2021.

Reconciliation of Historical FFO and AFFO:

For the Three Months Ended

For the Nine Months Ended

For the Twelve
Months Ended

(in millions, except per share amounts)

September 30,
2021

September 30,
2020

September 30,
2021

September 30,
2020

December 31,
2020

Income (loss) from continuing operations

$

351

$

163

$

805

(a)

$

548

$

1,056

Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion

400

393

1,190

1,167

1,555

Asset write-down charges

3

9

10

74

Dividends/distributions on preferred stock

(28

)

(85

)

(85

)

FFO(b)(c)(d)(e)

$

751

$

531

$

2,004

$

1,640

$

2,600

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted

434

429

434

422

425

FFO per share(b)(c)(d)(e)

$

1.73

$

1.24

$

4.62

$

3.89

$

6.12

FFO (from above)

$

751

$

531

$

2,004

$

1,640

$

2,600

Adjustments to increase (decrease) FFO:

Straight-lined revenue

(38

)

(4

)

(73

)

(27

)

(22

)

Straight-lined expense

18

21

58

61

83

Stock-based compensation expense

33

33

100

106

133

Non-cash portion of tax provision

3

(7

)

3

3

1

Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion

13

13

39

40

53

Amortization of non-cash interest expense

3

1

9

4

6

Other (income) expense

4

3

16

3

5

(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations

1

95

145

95

95

Acquisition and integration costs

2

1

9

10

Sustaining capital expenditures

(21

)

(20

)

(56

)

(64

)

(86

)

AFFO(b)(c)(d)(e)

$

767

$

668

$

2,246

$

1,870

$

2,878

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted

434

429

434

422

425

AFFO per share(b)(c)(d)(e)

$

1.77

$

1.56

$

5.18

$

4.43

$

6.78

(a) Does not reflect the impact related to the ATO Settlement (as defined in the April 8-K), which is attributable to discontinued operations as discussed in the April 8-K.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for a discussion of our definitions of FFO and AFFO, including per share amounts.
(c) FFO and AFFO are reduced by cash paid for preferred stock dividends during the period in which they are paid.
(d) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(e) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.

Reconciliation of Current Outlook for FFO and AFFO:

Full Year 2021

Full Year 2022

(in millions, except per share amounts)

Outlook(f)

Outlook(f)

Income (loss) from continuing operations

$1,074

to

$1,154(a)

$1,384

to

$1,464

Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion

$1,569

to

$1,649

$1,607

to

$1,687

Asset write-down charges

$15

to

$25

$15

to

$25

FFO(b)(c)(d)

$2,720

to

$2,765

$3,068

to

$3,113

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted(e)


434


435

FFO per share(b)(c)(d)(e)

$6.27

to

$6.37

$7.06

to

$7.16

FFO (from above)

$2,720

to

$2,765

$3,068

to

$3,113

Adjustments to increase (decrease) FFO:

Straight-lined revenue

$(117

)

to

$(97)

$(129

)

to

$(109)

Straight-lined expense

$63

to

$83

$56

to

$76

Stock-based compensation expense

$133

to

$143

$135

to

$139

Non-cash portion of tax provision

$(7

)

to

$8

$0

to

$15

Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion

$46

to

$61

$43

to

$58

Amortization of non-cash interest expense

$4

to

$14

$5

to

$15

Other (income) expense

$1

to

$12

$0

to

$5

(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations

$145

to

$145

$0

to

$100

Acquisition and integration costs

$0

to

$8

$0

to

$8

Sustaining capital expenditures

$(104

)

to

$(94)

$(113

)

to

$(93)

AFFO(b)(c)(d)

$2,943

to

$2,988

$3,178

to

$3,223

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted(e)

434

435

AFFO per share(b)(c)(d)(e)

$6.78

to

$6.89

$7.31

to

$7.41

(a) Does not reflect the impact related to the ATO Settlement (as defined in the April 8-K), which is attributable to discontinued operations as discussed in the April 8-K.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for a discussion of our definitions of FFO and AFFO, including per share amounts.
(c) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(d) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.
(e) The assumption for diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding for both full year 2021 and full year 2022 Outlook is based on the diluted common shares outstanding as of September 30, 2021.
(f) As issued on October 20, 2021, and, with respect to the Current Full Year 2021 Outlook, unchanged from the prior full year 2021 Outlook issued on July 21, 2021.

Reconciliation of Results Adjusted for Nontypical Items to As Reported Results:

Midpoint of
Current Full
Year
2021(a)

Full Year 2020

Full Year 2021 Growth Rates
(Outlook at the Midpoint)

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Outlook

As Reported

Less: Impact
from
Nontypical
Items

Exclusive of
Impact from
Nontypical
Items

As Reported

Less: Impact
from
Nontypical
Items

Exclusive of
Impact from
Nontypical
Items

Site rental revenues

$

5,700

$

5,320

$

$

5,320

7

%

%

7

%

Income (loss) from continuing operations(b)

1,114

(d)

1,056

(223

)

(e)

833

5

%

29

%

(e)

34

%

Income (loss) from continuing operations per share—diluted(b)(c)

2.57

(d)

2.35

(0.52

)

(e)

1.83

9

%

31

%

(e)

40

%

Adjusted EBITDA(b)

3,787

3,706

(286

)

(f)

3,420

2

%

9

%

(f)

11

%

AFFO(b)(c)

2,966

2,878

(286

)

(f)

2,592

3

%

11

%

(f)

14

%

AFFO per share(b)(c)

$

6.83

$

6.78

$

(0.68

)

(f)

$

6.10

1

%

11

%

(f)

12

%

(a) The Nontypical Items do not have a material impact on the full year 2021 Outlook, which previously contemplated the deployment of approximately 1,000 Sprint Corporation small cells, which were among the small cells that were cancelled by T-Mobile US, Inc. in the fourth quarter 2020, as described further in our press release dated January 27, 2021.
(b) See reconciliations herein for further information and reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to Income (loss) from continuing operations, as computed in accordance with GAAP.
(c) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(d) Does not reflect the impact related to the ATO Settlement (as defined in the April 8-K), which is attributable to discontinued operations as discussed in the April 8-K.
(e) Impact from Nontypical Items on Income (loss) from continuing operations and Income (loss) from continuing operations per share—diluted included in the 2020 fourth quarter operating results is comprised of other operating income of $362 million, offset by incremental operating expenses of $76 million and associated asset write-downs of $63 million.
(f) Impact from Nontypical Items on Adjusted EBITDA, AFFO and AFFO per share included in the 2020 fourth quarter operating results is comprised of other operating income of $362 million, offset by incremental operating expenses of $76 million.

Components of changes in site rental revenues for the quarters ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:

Three Months Ended September 30,

(dollars in millions)

2021

2020

Components of changes in site rental revenues:(a)

Prior year site rental revenues exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators(b)(c)

$

1,335

$

1,265

New leasing activity(b)(c)

98

93

Escalators

23

23

Non-renewals

(44

)

(46

)

Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)

77

70

Impact from straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators

38

4

Acquisitions(e)

1

Other

Total GAAP site rental revenues

$

1,451

$

1,339

Year-over-year changes in revenue:

Reported GAAP site rental revenues

8.4

%

Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)(f)

5.8

%

Components of the changes in site rental revenues for full year 2021 and 2022 Outlooks:

(dollars in millions)

Current Full Year 2021
Outlook(a)

Current Full Year 2022
Outlook(a)

Components of changes in site rental revenues:(b)

Prior year site rental revenues exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators(c)(d)

$5,298

$5,593(h)

New leasing activity(c)(d)

$360

to

$390

$335

to

$365

Escalators

$90

to

$100

$95

to

$105

Non-renewals

$(180

)

to

$(160)

$(195

)

to

$(175)

Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(e)

$280

to

$320

$245

to

$285

Impact from full year straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators

$97

to

$117

$109

to

$129

Acquisitions(f)

<$5

Other

Total GAAP site rental revenues

$

5,677

to

$

5,722

$5,952

to

$5,997

Year-over-year changes in revenue:

Reported GAAP site rental revenues(h)

7.1%

4.8%

Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(e)(g)(h)

5.7%

4.7%

(a) As issued on October 20, 2021, and, with respect to the Current Full Year 2021 Outlook, unchanged from the prior full year 2021 Outlook issued on July 21, 2021.
(b) Additional information regarding Crown Castle's site rental revenues, including projected revenue from tenant licenses, straight-lined revenues and prepaid rent is available in Crown Castle's quarterly Supplemental Information Package posted in the Investors section of its website.
(c) Includes revenues from amortization of prepaid rent in accordance with GAAP.
(d) Includes revenues from the construction of new small cell nodes, exclusive of straight-lined revenues related to fixed escalators.
(e) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein.
(f) Represents the contribution from recent acquisitions. The financial impact of recent acquisitions is excluded from Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues until the one-year anniversary of the acquisition.
(g) Calculated as the percentage change from prior year site rental revenues, exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalations, compared to Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues for the current period.
(h) Calculated based on midpoint of respective full year outlook.

Components of Historical Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs:

For the Three Months Ended

(in millions)

September 30, 2021

September 30, 2020

Interest expense on debt obligations

$

160

$

167

Amortization of deferred financing costs and adjustments on long-term debt, net

6

6

Capitalized interest

(3

)

(5

)

Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs

$

163

$

168

Components of Current Outlook for Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs:

Full Year 2021

Full Year 2022

(in millions)

Outlook

Outlook

Interest expense on debt obligations

$638

to

$658

$617

to

$637

Amortization of deferred financing costs and adjustments on long-term debt, net

$21

to

$26

$25

to

$30

Capitalized interest

$(17

)

to

$(12)

$(20

)

to

$(15)

Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs

$633

to

$678

$615

to

$660

Debt balances and maturity dates as of September 30, 2021 are as follows:

(in millions)

Face Value

Final Maturity

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

542

3.849% Secured Notes

1,000

Apr. 2023

Secured Notes, Series 2009-1, Class A-2(a)

55

Aug. 2029

Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2018-1(b)

250

July 2043

Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2015-2(b)

700

May 2045

Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2018-2(b)

750

July 2048

Finance leases and other obligations

240

Various

Total secured debt

$

2,995

2016 Revolver(c)

June 2026

2016 Term Loan A

1,231

June 2026

Commercial Paper Notes(d)

665

Oct. 2021

3.150% Senior Notes

750

July 2023

3.200% Senior Notes

750

Sept. 2024

1.350% Senior Notes

500

July 2025

4.450% Senior Notes

900

Feb. 2026

3.700% Senior Notes

750

June 2026

1.050% Senior Notes

1,000

July 2026

4.000% Senior Notes

500

Mar. 2027

3.650% Senior Notes

1,000

Sept. 2027

3.800% Senior Notes

1,000

Feb. 2028

4.300% Senior Notes

600

Feb. 2029

3.100% Senior Notes

550

Nov. 2029

3.300% Senior Notes

750

July 2030

2.250% Senior Notes

1,100

Jan. 2031

2.100% Senior Notes

1,000

Apr. 2031

2.500% Senior Notes

750

July 2031

2.900% Senior Notes

1,250

Apr. 2041

4.750% Senior Notes

350

May 2047

5.200% Senior Notes

400

Feb. 2049

4.000% Senior Notes

350

Nov. 2049

4.150% Senior Notes

500

July 2050

3.250% Senior Notes

900

Jan. 2051

Total unsecured debt

$

17,546

Total net debt

$

19,999

(a) The Senior Secured Notes, 2009-1, Class A-2 principal amortizes over a period ending in August 2029.
(b) If the respective series of such debt is not paid in full on or prior to an applicable anticipated repayment date, then the Excess Cash Flow (as defined in the indenture) of the issuers of such notes will be used to repay principal of the applicable series, and additional interest (of an additional approximately 5% per annum) will accrue on the respective series. The Senior Secured Tower Revenue Notes 2015-2 have an anticipated repayment date in 2025. The Senior Secured Tower Revenue Notes, 2018-1 and 2018-2 have anticipated repayment dates in 2023 and 2028, respectively. Notes are prepayable at par if voluntarily repaid within certain repayment windows (typically twelve to eighteen months or less prior to maturity); earlier prepayment may require additional consideration.
(c) As of September 30, 2021, the undrawn availability under the $5.0 billion 2016 Revolver was $5.0 billion.
(d) As of September 30, 2021, the Company had $335 million available for issuance under the $1.0 billion unsecured commercial paper program ("CP Program"). The maturities of the Commercial Paper Notes, when outstanding, may vary but may not exceed 397 days from the date of issue.

Net Debt to Last Quarter Annualized Adjusted EBITDA is computed as follows:

(dollars in millions)

For the Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021

Total face value of debt

$

20,541

Less: Ending cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

542

Total Net Debt

$

19,999

Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended September 30, 2021

$

976

Last quarter annualized Adjusted EBITDA

3,904

Net Debt to Last Quarter Annualized Adjusted EBITDA

5.1

x

Components of Capital Expenditures:(a)

For the Three Months Ended

(in millions)

September 30, 2021

September 30, 2020

Towers

Fiber

Other

Total

Towers

Fiber

Other

Total

Discretionary:

Purchases of land interests

$

11

$

$

$

11

$

12

$

$

$

12

Communications infrastructure improvements and other capital projects

31

217

3

251

61

274

10

345

Sustaining

4

12

5

21

3

13

4

20

Total

$

46

$

229

$

8

$

283

$

76

$

287

$

14

$

377


For the Nine Months Ended

(in millions)

September 30, 2021

September 30, 2020

Towers

Fiber

Other

Total

Towers

Fiber

Other

Total

Discretionary:

Purchases of land interests

$

46

$

$

$

46

$

41

$

$

$

41

Communications infrastructure improvements and other capital projects

104

666

20

790

220

888

25

1,133

Sustaining

10

35

11

56

11

38

15

64

Total

$

160

$

701

$

31

$

892

$

272

$

926

$

40

$

1,238

(a) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for further discussion of our components of capital expenditures.

Cautionary Language Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This news release contains forward-looking statements and information that are based on our management's current expectations as of the date of this news release. Statements that are not historical facts are hereby identified as forward-looking statements. In addition, words such as "estimate," "see," "anticipate," "project," "plan," "intend," "believe," "expect," "likely," "predicted," "positioned," "continue," "target," "focus," and any variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements include our full year 2021 and 2022 Outlook and plans, projections, and estimates regarding (1) potential benefits, growth, returns, capabilities, opportunities and shareholder value which may be derived from our business, strategy, risk profile, assets and customer solutions, investments, acquisitions and dividends, (2) our business, strategy, strategic position, business model and capabilities and the strength thereof, (3) 5G deployment in the United States and our customers' strategy and plans with respect thereto and demand for our assets and solutions created by such deployment and our customers' strategy and plans, (4) our long-and short-term prospects and the trends, events and industry activities impacting our business, (5) opportunities we see to deliver value to our shareholders, (6) our dividends (including timing of payment thereof), dividend targets, dividend payout ratio, and our long- and short-term dividend (including on a per share basis) growth rate (including compound annual growth rate), and its driving factors, (7) debt maturities, (8) cash flows, including growth thereof, (9) leasing environment (including with respect to tower application volumes) and the leasing activity we see in our business, and benefits and opportunities created thereby, (10) tenant non-renewals, including the impact and timing thereof, (11) capital expenditures, including sustaining and discretionary capital expenditures, the timing thereof and any benefits that may result therefrom, (12) revenues and growth thereof and benefits derived therefrom, (13) the recurrence and impact of Nontypical Items, (14) Income (loss) from continuing operations (including on a per share basis and as adjusted for Nontypical Items), (15) Adjusted EBITDA (including as adjusted for Nontypical Items), including components thereof and growth thereof, (16) costs and expenses, including interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs, (17) FFO (including on a per share basis) and growth thereof, (18) AFFO (including on a per share basis and as adjusted for Nontypical Items) and its components and growth (including with respect to compound annual growth rate) thereof and corresponding driving factors, (19) Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues and its components, including growth thereof and contributions therefrom, (20) our weighted-average common shares outstanding (including on a diluted basis) and growth thereof, (21) site rental revenues, and the growth thereof, (22) annual small cell deployment, (23) fiber solutions growth, (24) prepaid rent, including the additions and the amortization and growth thereof, (25) our carbon neutral goal and plans related thereto, (26) demand for data and connectivity, (27) impact from T-Mobile and Sprint network consolidation, (28) strength of our balance sheet and (29) the utility of certain financial measures, including non-GAAP financial measures. All future dividends are subject to declaration by our board of directors.

Such forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including prevailing market conditions and the following:

  • Our business depends on the demand for our communications infrastructure, driven primarily by demand for data, and we may be adversely affected by any slowdown in such demand. Additionally, a reduction in the amount or change in the mix of network investment by our tenants may materially and adversely affect our business (including reducing demand for our communications infrastructure or services).

  • A substantial portion of our revenues is derived from a small number of tenants, and the loss, consolidation or financial instability of any of such tenants may materially decrease revenues or reduce demand for our communications infrastructure and services.

  • The expansion or development of our business, including through acquisitions, increased product offerings or other strategic growth opportunities, may cause disruptions in our business, which may have an adverse effect on our business, operations or financial results.

  • Our Fiber segment has expanded rapidly, and the Fiber business model contains certain differences from our Towers business model, resulting in different operational risks. If we do not successfully operate our Fiber business model or identify or manage the related operational risks, such operations may produce results that are lower than anticipated.

  • Failure to timely, efficiently and safely execute on our construction projects could adversely affect our business.

  • Our substantial level of indebtedness could adversely affect our ability to react to changes in our business, and the terms of our debt instruments limit our ability to take a number of actions that our management might otherwise believe to be in our best interests. In addition, if we fail to comply with our covenants, our debt could be accelerated.

  • We have a substantial amount of indebtedness. In the event we do not repay or refinance such indebtedness, we could face substantial liquidity issues and might be required to issue equity securities or securities convertible into equity securities, or sell some of our assets to meet our debt payment obligations.

  • Sales or issuances of a substantial number of shares of our common stock or securities convertible into shares of our common stock may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

  • As a result of competition in our industry, we may find it more difficult to negotiate favorable rates on our new or renewing tenant contracts.

  • New technologies may reduce demand for our communications infrastructure or negatively impact our revenues.

  • If we fail to retain rights to our communications infrastructure, including the rights to land under our towers and the right-of-way and other agreements related to our small cells and fiber, our business may be adversely affected.

  • Our services business has historically experienced significant volatility in demand, which reduces the predictability of our results.

  • The restatement of our previously issued financial statements, the errors that resulted in such restatement, the material weakness that was previously identified in our internal control over financial reporting and the determination that our internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures were not effective, could result in loss of investor confidence, shareholder litigation or governmental proceedings or investigations, any of which could cause the market value of our common stock or debt securities to decline or impact our ability to access the capital markets.

  • New wireless technologies may not deploy or be adopted by tenants as rapidly or in the manner projected.

  • If we fail to comply with laws or regulations which regulate our business and which may change at any time, we may be fined or even lose our right to conduct some of our business.

  • If radio frequency emissions from wireless handsets or equipment on our communications infrastructure are demonstrated to cause negative health effects, potential future claims could adversely affect our operations, costs or revenues.

  • Certain provisions of our restated certificate of incorporation, amended and restated by-laws and operative agreements, and domestic and international competition laws may make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us or for us to acquire control of a third party, even if such a change in control would be beneficial to our stockholders.

  • We may be vulnerable to security breaches or other unforeseen events that could adversely affect our operations, business, and reputation.

  • Future dividend payments to our stockholders will reduce the availability of our cash on hand available to fund future discretionary investments, and may result in a need to incur indebtedness or issue equity securities to fund growth opportunities. In such event, the then current economic, credit market or equity market conditions will impact the availability or cost of such financing, which may hinder our ability to grow our per share results of operations.

  • Remaining qualified to be taxed as a REIT involves highly technical and complex provisions of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. Failure to remain qualified as a REIT would result in our inability to deduct dividends to stockholders when computing our taxable income, which would reduce our available cash.

  • Complying with REIT requirements, including the 90% distribution requirement, may limit our flexibility or cause us to forgo otherwise attractive opportunities, including certain discretionary investments and potential financing alternatives.

  • REIT related ownership limitations and transfer restrictions may prevent or restrict certain transfers of our capital stock.

  • The impact of COVID-19 and related risks could materially affect our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

Should one or more of these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those expected. More information about potential risk factors which could affect our results is included in our filings with the SEC. Our filings with the SEC are available through the SEC website at www.sec.gov or through our investor relations website at investor.crowncastle.com. We use our investor relations website to disclose information about us that may be deemed to be material. We encourage investors, the media and others interested in us to visit our investor relations website from time to time to review up-to-date information or to sign up for e-mail alerts to be notified when new or updated information is posted on the site.

As used in this release, the term "including," and any variation thereof, means "including without limitation."

CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in millions, except par values)


September 30,
2021

December 31,
2020

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

357

$

232

Restricted cash

180

144

Receivables, net

493

431

Prepaid expenses

120

95

Other current assets

182

202

Total current assets

1,332

1,104

Deferred site rental receivables

1,516

1,408

Property and equipment, net

15,174

15,162

Operating lease right-of-use assets

6,659

6,464

Goodwill

10,078

10,078

Other intangible assets, net

4,115

4,433

Other assets, net

130

119

Total assets

$

39,004

$

38,768

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

231

$

230

Accrued interest

141

199

Deferred revenues

822

704

Other accrued liabilities

376

378

Current maturities of debt and other obligations

72

129

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

345

329

Total current liabilities

1,987

1,969

Debt and other long-term obligations

20,293

19,151

Operating lease liabilities

6,000

5,808

Other long-term liabilities

2,208

2,379

Total liabilities

30,488

29,307

Commitments and contingencies

CCIC stockholders' equity:

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 600 shares authorized; shares issued and outstanding: September 30, 2021—432 and December 31, 2020—431

4

4

Additional paid-in capital

17,982

17,933

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

(3

)

(4

)

Dividends/distributions in excess of earnings

(9,467

)

(8,472

)

Total equity

8,516

9,461

Total liabilities and equity

$

39,004

$

38,768



CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in millions, except per share amounts)


Three Months Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2021

2020

2021

2020

Net revenues:

Site rental

$

1,451

$

1,339

$

4,245

$

3,968

Services and other

167

147

441

379

Net revenues

1,618

1,486

4,686

4,347

Operating expenses:

Costs of operations:(a)

Site rental

397

370

1,168

1,123

Services and other

115

117

301

324

Selling, general and administrative

167

154

500

493

Asset write-down charges

3

9

10

Acquisition and integration costs

2

1

9

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

413

406

1,229

1,207

Total operating expenses

1,092

1,052

3,208

3,166

Operating income (loss)

526

434

1,478

1,181

Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs

(163

)

(168

)

(493

)

(521

)

Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations

(1

)

(95

)

(145

)

(95

)

Interest income

1

2

Other income (expense)

(4

)

(3

)

(16

)

(3

)

Income (loss) before income taxes

358

168

825

564

Benefit (provision) for income taxes

(7

)

(5

)

(20

)

(16

)

Income (loss) from continuing operations

351

163

805

548

Discontinued operations:

Net gain (loss) from disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax

(62

)

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

(62

)

Net income (loss)

351

163

743

548

Dividends/distributions on preferred stock

(57

)

Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders

$

351

$

163

$

743

$

491

Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, per common share:

Income (loss) from continuing operations, basic

$

0.81

$

0.38

$

1.86

$

1.17

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, basic

(0.14

)

Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, basic

$

0.81

$

0.38

$

1.72

$

1.17

Income (loss) from continuing operations, diluted

$

0.81

$

0.38

$

1.85

$

1.17

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, diluted

(0.14

)

Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, diluted

$

0.81

$

0.38

$

1.71

$

1.17

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:

Basic

432

427

432

420

Diluted

434

429

434

422

(a) Exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion shown separately.

CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(In millions of dollars)


Nine Months Ended September 30,

2021

2020

Cash flows from operating activities:

Income (loss) from continuing operations

$

805

$

548

Adjustments to reconcile Income (loss) from continuing operations to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities:

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

1,229

1,207

(Gains) losses on retirement of long-term obligations

145

95

Amortization of deferred financing costs and other non-cash interest, net

9

4

Stock-based compensation expense

100

108

Asset write-down charges

9

10

Deferred income tax (benefit) provision

4

2

Other non-cash adjustments, net

18

4

Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions:

Increase (decrease) in liabilities

(100

)

(29

)

Decrease (increase) in assets

(164

)

121

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities

2,055

2,070

Cash flows from investing activities:

Capital expenditures

(892

)

(1,238

)

Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(27

)

(86

)

Other investing activities, net

8

(12

)

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities

(911

)

(1,336

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

3,985

3,733

Principal payments on debt and other long-term obligations

(1,057

)

(80

)

Purchases and redemptions of long-term debt

(2,089

)

(2,490

)

Borrowings under revolving credit facility

580

2,140

Payments under revolving credit facility

(870

)

(2,145

)

Net borrowings (repayments) under commercial paper program

380

(80

)

Payments for financing costs

(43

)

(38

)

Purchases of common stock

(69

)

(75

)

Dividends/distributions paid on common stock

(1,738

)

(1,531

)

Dividends/distributions paid on preferred stock

(85

)

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

(921

)

(651

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash - continuing operations

223

83

Discontinued operations:

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities

(62

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - discontinued operations

(62

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period

381

338

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period

$

542

$

421

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

Interest paid

542

564

Income taxes paid

17

13


CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS (UNAUDITED)
(In millions of dollars)


SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS

Three Months Ended September 30, 2021

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

Towers

Fiber

Other

Consolidated
Total

Towers

Fiber

Other

Consolidated
Total

Segment site rental revenues

$

972

$

479

$

1,451

$

877

$

462

$

1,339

Segment services and other revenues

162

5

167

142

5

147

Segment revenues

1,134

484

1,618

1,019

467

1,486

Segment site rental costs of operations

227

163

390

216

145

361

Segment services and other costs of operations

108

4

112

111

4

115

Segment costs of operations(a)(b)

335

167

502

327

149

476

Segment site rental gross margin(c)

745

316

1,061

661

317

978

Segment services and other gross margin(c)

54

1

55

31

1

32

Segment selling, general and administrative expenses(b)

27

44

71

22

42

64

Segment operating profit(c)

772

273

1,045

670

276

946

Other selling, general and administrative expenses(b)

$

69

69

$

63

63

Stock-based compensation expense

33

33

33

33

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

413

413

406

406

Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs

163

163

168

168

Other (income) expenses to reconcile to income (loss) before income taxes(d)

9

9

108

108

Income (loss) before income taxes

$

358

$

168


FIBER SEGMENT SITE RENTAL REVENUES SUMMARY

Three Months Ended September 30,

2021

2020

Fiber Solutions

Small Cells

Total

Fiber Solutions

Small Cells

Total

Site rental revenues

$

327

$

152

$

479

$

323

$

139

$

462

(a) Exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion shown separately.
(b) Segment cost of operations excludes (1) stock-based compensation expense of $6 million in each of the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (2) prepaid lease purchase price adjustments of $4 million and $5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Selling, general and administrative expenses exclude stock-based compensation expense of $27 million in each of the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
(c) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for a discussion of our definitions of segment site rental gross margin, segment services and other gross margin and segment operating profit.
(d) See condensed consolidated statement of operations for further information.

SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

Towers

Fiber

Other

Consolidated Total

Towers

Fiber

Other

Consolidated Total

Segment site rental revenues

$

2,819

$

1,426

$

4,245

$

2,612

$

1,356

$

3,968

Segment services and other revenues

427

14

441

367

12

379

Segment revenues

3,246

1,440

4,686

2,979

1,368

4,347

Segment site rental costs of operations

659

485

1,144

648

447

1,095

Segment services and other costs of operations

285

10

295

311

8

319

Segment costs of operations(a)(b)

944

495

1,439

959

455

1,414

Segment site rental gross margin(c)

2,160

941

3,101

1,964

909

2,873

Segment services and other gross margin(c)

142

4

146

56

4

60

Segment selling, general and administrative expenses(b)

78

133

211

71

137

208

Segment operating profit(c)

2,224

812

3,036

1,949

776

2,725

Other selling, general and administrative expenses(b)

$

205

205

$

198

198

Stock-based compensation expense

100

100

106

106

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

1,229

1,229

1,207

1,207

Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs

493

493

521

521

Other (income) expenses to reconcile to income (loss) before income taxes(d)

184

184

129

129

Income (loss) before income taxes

$

825

$

564


FIBER SEGMENT SITE RENTAL REVENUES SUMMARY

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2021

2020

Fiber Solutions

Small Cells

Total

Fiber Solutions

Small Cells

Total

Site rental revenues

$

987

$

439

$

1,426

$

950

$

406

$

1,356

(a) Exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion shown separately.
(b) Segment cost of operations excludes (1) stock-based compensation expense of $16 million and $19 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively and (2) prepaid lease purchase price adjustments of $14 million in each of the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. Selling, general and administrative expenses exclude stock-based compensation expense of $84 million and $87 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
(c) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for a discussion of our definitions of segment site rental gross margin, segment services and other gross margin and segment operating profit.
(d) See condensed consolidated statement of operations for further information.


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